In India’s big cities, like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangaluru and Chennai, there are a lot of cars on the roads and highways, and hence traffic is a big problem. This problem happens when the number of vehicles grows faster than the number of roads, which makes travel times longer. Because of this, many businesses and enterprises have to pay a lot of money and deal with a lot of trouble, especially those that need a lot of transportation activity per unit of production, and less money is put into transportation infrastructure. This has a negative effect on the economy, the environment, and society as a whole. Due to weaving at intersections, cars lose a lot of time and money because of traffic. Even though a lot of money and time has been spent and put into solving traffic problems, especially in big cities, not much progress has been reported. No matter how much technology or infrastructure improves or how many people move to a city, traffic always gets worse.
Negative Effects Of Traffic Congestion
- The waste of time on the part of drivers and passengers (“opportunity cost”). Congestion is detrimental to the economic health of a region because it forces most people to engage in non-productive activities.
- Delays, which can result in late arrival for employment, meetings, and education, potentially resulting in lost business, disciplinary action, or other personal losses.
- The inability to accurately predict the amount of time needed for travel, which results in drivers allotting more time for “what if there is a traffic jam” and spending less time on activities that produce value.
- The wasting of fuel, which contributes to an increase in air pollution and emissions of carbon dioxide as a result of increased idling, acceleration, and braking.
- Excessive wear and tear on vehicles as a result of extended periods of idling while stuck in traffic as well as frequent acceleration and deceleration, which results in a higher need for repairs and replacements.
- An increase in the number of tense and angry drivers, which contributes to an overall decline in the health of motorists
- Emergencies: If there is a backup in traffic, it could potentially obstruct the path of emergency vehicles that are trying to get to locations where they are urgently needed.
- The effect that traffic on congested main arteries has on secondary roads and side streets, as drivers try to find alternative routes (also known as “rat running”), which may have an impact on the quality of life in the neighbourhood and real estate prices.
- There is a greater chance of collisions as a result of the close spacing and the continuous starting and stopping.
BENEFITS OF SMART PARKING SYSTEM
- Real- Time Monitoring of Parking Space: It helps in simplifying the search for Parking spots and speed up the parking process, and track the parking availability in real-time to ensure that a driver’s time is not wasted driving around jam-packed parking lots.
- Converting a Visitor to a Happy Customer: It is often said that a happy customer is a repeat customer. By ensuring a hassle free entry and exit to your building premises, the chances of converting a visitor to a customer and a Customer to a happy customer, increases manifolds.
- Space and Time Optimzation: There will be a decrease in the number of vehicles that drive around on crowded city roads in search of parking spots. There will be less search traffic on the street as a result of the increased convenience provided by intelligent parking systems in locating an available spot. Because of this, the problem of traffic jams can be alleviated to some degree, which will enable city residents to save time on production. Tools for managing parking facilities that are based on the Internet of Things will assist business owners in making the most of the space that is available. For example, a parking management system will make necessary adjustments to the metre rates in response to the amount of people currently utilising the facility. When there is a high population density of vehicles, it is possible for fares to be raised. Additionally, the use of automated metre renewal tools will assist parking facilities in increasing their revenue and luring in new customers.